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Athletes Aren’t the Only Ones Who Need ACL Surgery

On December 7, 2011 | At 9:39 am

About 10 years ago, Linda Moses of Bridgewater, Va., felt something “rip” inside her right knee as she slipped while docking her family’s sailboat off the coast of Charleston, S.C.

Linda Moses had ACL surgery at UVA

Linda Moses had ACL surgery at UVA.

Within hours, her knee began swelling, and she was in excruciating pain. She had suffered a complete tear of the anterior cruciate ligament — the knee’s key stabilizing ligament, commonly known as the ACL. Her doctor advised against surgery because Moses isn’t an athlete. Instead, she wore a brace to support her leg.

For 55-year-old Moses — whose busy lifestyle includes swimming, biking and walking — the injury was debilitating. Two years ago, when she fell and further damaged the knee, she decided to pursue ACL reconstruction.

“My knee would sometimes just give out and buckle right under me,” says Moses, who underwent surgery at UVA in January. “I didn’t want to live like that. I wanted to stay active. And I kept worrying about what would happen to my knee as I got older, if I didn’t take care of it.”

ACL Tears: A Common Knee Injury

Although ACL tears occur most frequently in athletes whose sports involve running, jumping and cutting — like basketball and soccer — anyone is at risk.

In fact, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons estimates that nearly 200,000 ACL injuries occur each year in the United States, with nearly 100,000 ACL reconstructions performed annually.

The ACL typically is injured in noncontact situations — such as stopping suddenly, landing awkwardly from a jump or changing direction rapidly. When the ACL tears, a person most often will feel or hear a “pop.” The resulting pain and swelling eventually subside, but the knee may continue to feel wobbly.

“With an ACL-deficient knee, patients are likely to experience ‘giving way,’ even with normal activities of daily living, and especially with any pivoting activities,” says UVA orthopedic surgeon Mark Miller, MD, who performed Moses’ surgery and is ranked among the 70 best knee surgeons in America, according to the publication Becker’s Orthopedic & Spine Review.

Avoiding Permanent Damage with ACL Reconstruction

A torn ACL can’t heal on its own. Physical therapy or leg braces may work for elderly patients or those who lead sedentary lifestyles. But without surgical repair, the ligament and surrounding cartilage are at high risk for further damage that may lead to late arthritis.

ACL reconstruction is an arthroscopic surgery where the surgeon makes tiny incisions in the knee and inserts a pencil-sized scope equipped with a small camera and light. Magnified images displayed on a television screen allow the surgeon to see inside the patient’s knee. Patients usually go home the same day. Rehabilitation to retrain and strengthen the muscles begins the next day, and athletes typically resume play six months later.

Moses is pleased with her surgery results and has gradually increased her level of activity, including biking.

“I’m really glad I had the surgery,” Moses says. “Dr. Miller and everyone at UVA have been great. I’m not an athlete, but I’m very active, so I thought this was the best route to go.”

Tired of Instability?

Doctors at UVA’s Sports Medicine Clinic see a lot of patients with knee injuries, including torn ACLs.

The Female ACL

Female athletes are up to seven times more likely than males to have an ACL injury, according to UVA orthopedic surgeon David Diduch, MD.

Here are some possible reasons:

  • Architecture: The body framework may be partly to blame. The notch in the knee where the ACL is located is narrow in women, Diduch says. Also, women have proportionally wider hips than men, creating potential alignment problems.
  • Technique: Some studies say females have different movement patterns than men, likely because of their structural differences. Women’s knees are naturally more L-shaped, or knock-kneed.
  • Hormones: Estrogen may affect the ACL, making it more prone to injury at certain points during a woman’s monthly cycle.
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Filed under : Orthopedics,Surgery,Technology | By
Comments : 2 |
 

2 Comments for this post

 
December 7th, 2011 at 10:59 am

I had an outpatient knee arthroscopy at the UVA hospital in February 2010, and while the procedure was competently done, the rest of my brief stay was absolutely horrible. Once I left the recovery room, I was ignored by staff and left alone in a curtained off bed. I kept pushing the call button to summon a nurse to give me some pain medication, but no one ever came. I had to get out of bed to get someone’s attention before anyone helped me. They said the call button was not working. I was told I would be discharged once I was taught how to walk using crutches, and the nurse ordered some crutches. After an hour went by, it was apparent that the crutches were lost, or not available and I had to struggle to get into a car and go home with the cane that I brought with me.

 
 
December 7th, 2011 at 11:15 am

I’m sorry this happened to you. Thank you for sharing this problem with us. We’re going to share your comment with our chief nursing officer and our associate vice president of hospital operations.

 

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