Binge Eating Disorder
A person with binge eating disorder often eats an unusually large amount of food and feels that eating is out of control. Binge eating disorder often occurs with bulimia nervosa, another eating disorder that may involve purging.
In other cases, binging can happen without other eating disorders. For example, the person may feel upset about binging, but may not try to undo these feelings by vomiting, exercising, or taking laxatives.
It is not clear exactly what causes binge eating disorder. Since about half of people with binge eating disorder have a history of depression, it may be related to that condition. Studies also suggest that people with binge eating disorder may have other emotional problems, including low self-esteem, anger, and/or obsessive compulsive behavior.
Factors that may increase your risk of developing a binge eating disorder include:
- Gender: women
- Becoming overweight at a young age
- Yo-yo dieting
- History of depression and/or substance abuse
- History of sexual abuse
- Excess concern with body shape
Binge eating disorder is more common
in females and is often linked
to emotional or psychological issues.
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Symptoms of binge eating disorder include:
- Eating quickly
- Eating until you are uncomfortably full
- Eating large amounts when you are not hungry
- Eating alone due to embarrassment
- Feeling disgusted, depressed, or guilty after eating
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a mental health professional or eating disorder specialist. Binge eating is diagnosed when there are an average of at least two binge-eating episodes a week for six months, along with a lack of control over eating behavior.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:
In cognitive-behavioral therapy, a mental health professional will teach you how to keep track of your eating and change your unhealthy eating habits. This may involve learning how to respond to tough situations and how to feel better about your body shape and weight.
In interpersonal psychotherapy, a counselor will help you look at your personal relationships and make changes in areas that are negatively affecting your life.
Certain antidepressant medications may be helpful for some people with binge eating disorder.
There is no known way to prevent binge eating disorder. If you have young children, however, it is important to display positive and healthy attitudes about eating and body image.
Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.