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Home > Services > Pulmonary & Respiratory Care > Lung Treatments > Treating Pulmonary Fibrosis

Treating Pulmonary Fibrosis

Our approach to treating pulmonary fibrosis sets us apart.

At UVA, our experience in the rare and complex disorders that constitute pulmonary fibrosis means that we can develop an approach to your unique condition with accuracy and precision.

How Research Helps Treatment

Our investigational research and clinical trials affords us the ability to discover new approaches to pulmonary fibrosis and the chance to offer you the latest treatments available.

Get a glimpse of the medical horizon: Find out more about our current research in pulmonary fibrosis.

Your Treatment Options for Pulmonary Fibrosis

Treatment depends on the cause of interstitial lung disease (ILD); a correct diagnosis is critical. Treatment aims to reverse inflammation and stop scar formation. In some types of ILD, damage to the lungs is permanent and can’t be reversed, but treatment will help to ease symptoms and improve quality of life.

Treatment will be based on your specific condition and symptoms.


Medications can help to slow the progression of ILD. Options include:

  • Pirfenidone and nindetanib, newly approved drugs for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (UVA was one of the first centers that studied the effectiveness of pirfenidone in IPF, leading to the approval of the drug.)
  • Supplemental oxygen therapy; in people with low oxygen saturation, this treatment increases the amount of oxygen in the blood, improves symptoms and allows patients to live longer and healthier lives
  • In some cases, medications that suppress the immune system (interfere with the process of inflammation and fibrosis)

What is Interstitial Lung Disease? A Podcast

Listen to Borna Mehrad, MD, explain ILD and how we address pulmonary fibrosis at UVA.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Pulmonary rehabilitation helps you manage shortness of breath. Rehabilitation is tailored to your needs but may include:

  • Exercises
  • Nutrition
  • Education
  • Breathing techniques and coping strategies
  • Support from others


Learning to live with illness can be difficult. You may benefit from psychological counseling that can help you better manage your life. Counseling can be individual or in a support group.

If you smoke, your doctor will advise you about the most effective programs to help you quit.

Lung Transplant  

If other treatments fail, a lung transplant may be necessary. A transplant can improve both the quality and length of your life.

Preventing Lung Disease

Not all ILDs can be prevented. To help reduce your exposure to substances associated with some ILDs:

  • Talk to your doctor about ways to help you quit smoking
  • Avoid lung irritants whenever possible
  • Follow occupational guidelines to protect your lungs at work
  • Use proper protection when exposed to harmful chemicals, dust or animal droppings

Get Treated for ILD

Visit the ILD clinic today.

Pulmonary Fibrosis Program Recognition

The Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation has selected UVA to join the foundation’s PFF Care Center Network, becoming one of only 40 such centers in the country.

What does this mean for you? Find out how this honor reflects the quality of our ILD/pulmonary fibrosis program.

Make an Appointment

Call us at 434.243.3675

or make an appointment online.