Blood in Urine
Blood in the urine is also called hematuria. Normally, urine does not contain blood.
There are two kinds of hematuria:
- Microscopic hematuria — urine contains a small amount of blood, which is not visible to the naked eye
- Gross hematuria — urine is visibly discolored by blood, appearing red or tea-colored
What Causes Hematuria?
In some cases, the cause of hematuria is never found. Some more common causes include:
- Injury to the abdomen, pelvis or internal organs of the urinary tract
- Vigorous exercise (resolves with rest)
- or kidney infection
- Cancer of the , or
- Kidney disease
- Bleeding disorders such as
- Certain congenital diseases such as
- Radiation of the pelvis for cancer treatment
- Certain medications
Risk factors include:
- Medications, such as certain antibiotics and pain medications
- Recent upper respiratory tract infection
- Family history of kidney problems
Symptoms of Hematuria
In some cases, there may not be additional symptoms. You may experience symptoms for an underlying condition. For example, kidney stones can cause blood in the urine, along with pain in the side, abdomen or groin.
Call your doctor any time you notice blood in your urine.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may be refer you to a neprhologist who specializes in kidney disease.
Your doctor may need to conduct tests that include:
- Urine tests
- Blood tests
Your doctor may also need to view your bodily structures. This can be done with:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Treating Blood in the Urine
Treatment depends on the cause of hematuria. Hematuria can resolve on its own, and you may not need treatment. Other causes respond to medication. For example, antibiotic treatment for a urinary tract infection can help stop the hematuria. You may require surgery to remove any tumors or treat.
MAKE AN APPOINTMENT
Call the Urology Clinic.
Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.