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Home > Services > Urology > Urology Conditions & Treatments > Vesicoureteral Reflux

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) happens when urine flows from your bladder back into the kidney. The kidneys may become infected if your urine contains bacteria. The backup can also put extra pressure on the kidney and cause kidney damage.

Factors that increase your chance of developing VUR include:

  • Family history
  • Congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract
  • Birth defects that affect the spinal cord, such as spina bifida
  • Tumors in the spinal cord or pelvis
  • Spinal cord injury

In most cases, VUR has no obvious symptoms or signs. 

Diagnosing VUR

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history and perform a physical exam. Your doctor may test your bodily fluids with:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Ultrasound

Your doctor may also need images of your bodily structures and perform:

  • CT scans
  • Voiding cystourethrograms (VCUG)
  • Intravenous pyelograms
  • Nuclear scans

Your doctor may find VUR after diagnosing a urinary tract or kidney infection


Call 434.243.3675


Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.

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