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Home > Services > Orthopedics > Joint Replacements > Hip Replacement

Hip Replacement

A total hip replacement is a surgery that uses an artificial ball-and-socket joint to replace a diseased or injured hip joint. It can be done through open surgery or a minimally invasive technique. You may need a hip replacement when pain and stiffness limit your normal activities and rest, medication and physical therapy are no longer working.

Other reasons for surgery may include:

  • A broken hip
  • Severe rheumatoid arthritis
  • Bone tumors
  • Loss of blood supply to the bones of the hip

Description of Procedure   

Your doctor makes an incision along your joint and moves the muscles aside. Your doctor then removes the damaged bone and cartilage of the hip joint and positions the new artificial joint. Depending on the type of prosthesis, your doctor may use bone cement to hold the artificial hip firmly to your bone. This procedure is done in a hospital setting and takes about an hour to complete. 

The usual length of stay is 1-2 days for minimally invasive total hip replacement

You should be able to resume normal, light activities within six weeks. A replacement hip typically lasts 10-15 years.

Possible Complications

Possible complications may include:

  • Hip dislocation
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Swelling or bleeding
  • Injury to nearby nerves or blood vessels
  • Anesthesia-related problems, like pneumonia
  • Noisy or squeaky hip after surgery

Factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

  • Pre-existing medical condition, such as heart or lung problems
  • Obesity
  • Infection, such as urinary tract infection or gum disease 
  • Previous problems with blood clots
  • Smoking


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Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.

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