Inflammatory Arteritis

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Inflammatory arteritis is inflammation of the aorta, the body's largest artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Inflammatory arteritis can cause blockages in the aorta or aneurysms.

Disorders in connective tissue, such as ligaments and tendons, can cause inflammatory arteritis. Other causes include:

  • Takayasu's arteritis
  • Giant cell (temporal) arteritis
  • Radiation arteritis

Diagnosis & Treatment at UVA

At UVA, we can diagnose you by using these tests:

  • Ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT) angiography
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)

Medication with steroids can reduce inflammation. You may need additional immunosuppressive drugs to lessen the inflammatory changes in the arteries. 

About 20% of patients, especially those with Takayasu's arteritis, require surgery to bypass portions of arteries narrowed by the disease or to repair aneurysms caused by the disease.


Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.