Autologous transplant gives you the option for a stem cell transplant without a donor. We use your own blood or bone marrow to extract stem cells for treatment.
We wait until after high-dose chemotherapy to put the stem cells back into your body. The stem cells then restore your bone marrow and blood cells.
Autologous Transplant: Stem Cells from You
Peripheral blood stem cell donation (PBSC) does not require surgery. We use a needle or catheter to take your blood. This is also known as apheresis. We can also collect bone marrow from your hip bones.
A few days before the procedure, we’ll give you growth medicine to increase your stem cell blood count. We begin the procedure by placing a needle or catheter in a vein in your neck, chest, or arm. Blood passes through the needle and tubes into a machine. This machine removes stem cells from the blood. The blood then returns to your body. We freeze and store the stem cells until we can use them.
PBSC or apheresis takes about 4 - 5 hours. Side effects could include tingling or numbness around your mouth, hand cramps, or lightheadedness during the collection process. Pregnant women cannot have this procedure.
What is Apheresis?
Apheresis is when we take blood and separate out the red cells, white cells, and plasma. This allows us to collect stem cells.
We can also use apheresis to collect mononuclear cells. These blood cells form part of the immune system. We can use them to treat autoimmune disorders and other cancers.
Other Stem Cell Transplant Options
If we can't gather enough stem cells from your blood, there's other options. Another person can donate their stem cells. Or we can collect stem cells from saved umbilical cord blood.
Learn more about stem cell donation.