Vasculitis is a rare inflammation in blood vessels that occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy blood vessels. When vessels swell, they can become narrowed, blocked or bulge and create an aneurysm. Vasculitis can potentially lead to serious health problems, including damage to the body's organs.

Vasculitis Diagnosis & Treatment at UVA

We conduct a biopsy and blood tests to check for the presence of vasculitis, and most frequently prescribe these medications to treat it:

  • Corticosteroids: Used to reduce inflammation in the blood vessels.
  • Cytotoxic medicines: Your doctor may prescribe these together with corticosteroids, or if corticosteroids don't successfully treat the vasculitis. Cytotoxic medicines work by killing the cells that cause vasculitis. They are most commonly used to treat cancer.


Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.