If you're concerned about a heart problem or vascular disease, finding the right diagnosis as early as possible gives you the best chance for restoring a healthy heart.
At UVA, we're using imaging technology to better diagnose and treat heart and vascular conditions. New imaging tools help your care team understand your condition and play a key role in deciding whether we do a procedure in the first place.
And, as a leading research institution, we're always working on moving safer, more effective heart imaging from the lab into the exam room.
Heart Imaging and Screening Options
We offer a full range of the most advanced imaging and screening tests — many of which use less invasive approaches and cause little or no pain. These include:
Ankle Brachial Index
Ankle brachial index is a non-invasive screening that measures blood pressure in a patient's arms and legs to diagnose peripheral arterial disease (PAD).
Cardiac catheterization evaluates blood flow and pressure to the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). Your doctor will insert a long, thin tube (catheter) into a blood vessel in your arm, upper thigh or neck and guide it to your heart to detect a variety of problems in the heart, including narrowing or blockages of arteries and poor heart valve function.
For more information, call our Cardiac Catheterization Lab at the Heart & Vascular Center.
Cardiac CT uses an X-ray to take a detailed picture of the hear to reveal potential problems such as coronary artery disease, aneurysms, embolisms and calcium buildup in the arteries.
Cardiac monitoring helps doctors diagnose heart rhythm disorders and determine appropriate treatment options. The Holter monitor (worn for 24 hours) or the event monitor (worn for a month) may detect episodes of irregular heartbeat. Another monitoring device, the loop recorder, may be implanted and used to record your heart’s rhythm for up to three years.
Cardiac MRI radio waves produce a computerized image of your heart and blood vessels. The non-invasive test helps diagnose and assess coronary artery disease, congenital heart disorders and determine the cause of heart failure, among other issues.
An echocardiogram uses ultrasound waves to take detailed pictures of your heart, which allows doctors to evaluate heart muscle function and structure. We offer transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), stress echoes and transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE).
Learn more about echocardiography.
Most patients are diagnosed by ECG or EKG, but other tests like MRIs and Holter monitoring may also be used. Genetic testing can help determine which family members are at risk for conditions like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. An early diagnosis can prevent serious complications like sudden cardiac arrest and heart failure.
Learn more about our genetics program.
Nuclear imaging uses SPECT (single photon emission computerized tomography) containing very low levels of radioactivity to produce images that identify decreased areas of blood flow. Our imaging specialists also use cardiac PET, a newer nuclear technology that can precisely measure blood flow and identify disease in the small blood vessels supplying the heart.
Learn more about cardiac PET.
Specially trained vascular technologists and sonographers diagnose carotid stenosis with a vascular ultrasound. Vascular stenosis is a risk factor for stroke. Vascular ultrasound is also used to screen for aortic aneurysm.
UVA Doctors: Leaders in Heart Imaging
It’s not enough to have the right test. You need the right people to interpret the results.
Our doctors are experts in their imaging fields. Many serve in leadership roles in national imaging societies. This means UVA doctors aren't just following national guidelines and best practices. In many cases, they're the ones who are trusted to write them.
Our doctors also know the importance of matching the right test to the right patient, and will only ask for tests they believe are absolutely necessary.