Prostate Cancer Treatment

Prostate cancer treatment isn't one-size-fits-all. Sometimes, monitoring your cancer makes the most sense. Or we might recommend high-impact, targeted radiation. If we have to, we can remove the prostate altogether.

To make choices about your treatment, you'll need information and answers. Our team will supply you with the resources you need to feel confident in your care. And our experts have high-tech tools that give you options.

Powerful Prostate Cancer Treatments at UVA

At UVA, we treat prostate cancer with the very latest tools and methods. You won't find these options or our high level of expertise at every place you go.

Brachytherapy Plus

Access the most precise form of high-dose radiation therapy available: high-dose rate brachytherapy. You can benefit from two different kinds of this intense, targeted radiation. Only a few hospitals in the country have this approach.

Find out if you're a candidate for high-dose radiation brachytherapy.

Treatment Spotlight: da Vinci® Robotic Surgery

We were one of the first medical centers in Virginia to offer the da Vinci robotic prostatectomy.

This procedure uses a miniature camera and robotic “hands.” Your doctor inserts them into the body through a series of tiny incisions. These tools ensure steadiness and precision. Your doctor can see better and avoid damage to nearby nerves and muscles that control continence and potency.

    Common Cancer for Older Men

    Urologist Noah Schenkman, MD, discusses the symptoms and treatments of prostate cancer. View prostate cancer transcript.

    Prostate Cancer Treatment Options 

    At UVA, you'll find a range of treatment options so we can customize your care. These include:

    • Cryotherapy — freezes tumors without damaging healthy tissue
    • Prostatectomy — removes prostate 
    • Brachytherapy — uses tiny radioactive seeds to target radiation and minimize effects on healthy tissue
    • Hormone therapy — blocks the hormones that cause cells, including cancer cells, to grow
    • Vaccine therapy — boosts your immune system
    • Targeted therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation, including nuclear medicine for prostate cancer that has caused bone tumors, Xofigo

    Watching & Waiting

    You may wait for treatment if you:

    • Have early stage prostate cancer that is growing slowly
    • Are of an advanced age
    • Have serious health problems (risks of treatment outweigh the benefits)
    Is it Prostate Cancer?

    After skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. So you'll want to keep an eye on any issues that come up.

    Watch for these symptoms:

    • A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
    • Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine
    • Not able to urinate
    • Weak or interrupted urine flow
    • Painful or burning urination
    • Difficulty having an erection
    • Painful ejaculation
    • Blood in urine or semen
    • Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs

    You'll need to get an exam to find out the source of these issues. Your provider will use blood and urine tests and possibly biopsy or ultrasound to make a diagnosis.