Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. AML begins in young white blood cells in your bone marrow. It moves fast.

Sometimes, AML occurs at the tail end of other blood cancers.

AML Treatment

We use chemotherapy to treat acute myeloid leukemia. We use different chemo medicines to put you in remission. Remission means we've deactivated your AML.

We use chemo in phases:

  1. First, to kill leukemia cells

  2. Then, to stop any left-over leukemia cells from growing

  3. In some cases, maintenance therapy to keep you in remission

You might need blood and platelet transfusions. These procedures can take place at a hospital close to your home.

See more info on innovative treatment options.

What are the Signs of Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

See a doctor if you have any of the following:

  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Paleness (a sign of anemia)
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Petechiae (flat, pinpoint spots under the skin caused by bleeding)
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Bone pain
  • Joint pain
  • Enlarged liver and spleen
  • Swelling, pain and bleeding of the gums
  • Painless lumps in the neck, underarms, stomach or groin

To diagnose your condition, we'll perform a variety of tests. These could include imaging scans and blood tests. 



Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.