Chondrosarcoma

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Chondrosarcoma, a kind of bone cancer, grows in the cartilage of the femur, arm, pelvis, knee, and spine. 

Removing this kind of tumor with surgery often works better than chemotherapy and radiation. 

 

 

Cancer in Cartilage Cells

This type of cancer grows in the cartilage cells, the connective tissue, in the body. Chondrosarcoma is typically found in the femur, arm, pelvis, knee and spine. Gregory Domson, MD, explains this bone cancer and the treatment options. View chondrosarcoma transcript.

Risks & Symptoms

People who develop chondrosarcoma often already have:

  • Enchondroma — a non-cancerous bone tumor often found in the hands
  • Osteochondroma — excess cartilage or bone found at the end of a growth plate
  • Multiple osteochondromas — bone tumors
  • Ollier's disease, which causes a group of enchondromas
  • Maffucci's syndrome, which causes a combination of multiple endochondromas and various tumors
bone joint diagram
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Chondrosarcoma Symptoms

The most common symptoms of chondrosarcoma include:

  • Large lump or mass on a bone
  • Pressure surrounding the mass
  • Pain that worsens at night
  • Pain that does not improve with rest
  • Pain that gradually worsens over time and may last for years

Chondrosarcoma Diagnosis

We'll need to perform tests and scans to see if you have this form of cartilage cancer, like:

  • Biopsy
  • Blood tests
  • X-ray
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan
  • PET/CT scan

 

 

Content was created using EBSCO’s Health Library. Edits to original content made by Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice.